If we think of what are Canadian norms today and what they were a hundred years ago, we realize that such norms have evolved for the better. There is a mistaken belief that what we define as ‘culture’ or ‘norms’ are fixed or unchanging and mutually exclusive categories, thus removing any notion of how culture in diverse societies is created through dynamic intermixing, social interaction and fusion.
In popular parlance ‘culture’ in multiculturalism is code for ‘non-western’ and non-white, much in the same way that ethnicity or ‘ethnics’ typically refer to non-whites. The erroneous assumption is that new immigrants in Canada (mostly non-white) have culture or ‘ethnicity’ in contrast to the ’mainstream’ or ‘normal Canadians’. In this social construction, those belonging to non-western cultures are socially produced as not fully belonging to the nation, as not fully Canadian.
Source: Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences